QUESTION: Based on the decisional method, investigate the role that U.S. leaders had and the USSR during the Cold War. ANSWER 1. After the World War II, leaders of allied countries took the decision to divide Germany into three zones, they obviously were of great importance, which would be controlled by the U.S., Russia and Britain. After a conference that brought together these leaders outlined the architecture of postwar geopolitics. This resulted in the formation of two centers of world power, political and economic paths adapting openly opposed, namely: democratic capitalism and not democratic and autocratic Communism. This produced the creation of two blocks. 2.
For the containment of communism and strengthen the U.S. presence in Europe was created UNITED STATES NORTH ATLANTIC TREATY (NATO), and as against the face of it, the communist countries created by the Treaty of Friendship, Cooperation and Mutual Assistance in 1955 their founding members were: Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Poland, German Democratic Republic, Romania and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), thus establishing a kind of balance of power between the two major blocs that divided the world, each one with its particular characteristics of ideology, culture, politics and also in the military. 3. Thus began a historical period without leading to an open armed conflict, the Cold War was characterized by the persistence of their intentions between the two super powers. The arms race between the two was the hallmark of this period, which accumulated huge nuclear arsenals that paradoxically discouraged a great war that would have led to the human race.