The vision of that the field is seen as place without progress, subsidiary and provisory way, comes directing the public politics of education of the Brazilian State. Thought to supply the demands of the cities and the ruling classes, generally installed in the urban areas, these politics if have based on pedagogical concepts that place the education of the field with priority the service of the development urban-industrial. The constitution of pertaining to school nuclei for the populations peasants in the urban limits, associated to the organization of a system of transport of students of the agricultural zone for these nuclei, discloses to the underlying idea to these politics of that the children and adolescents of the field possess the same interests, motivations and necessities of that lives in the urban areas and that they must be educated for one future life in the city. In the paradigm of the Education of the Field, for which if it intends to migrar, one praises it overcoming of the antagonism between the city and the field, that pass to be seen as complementary and of equal value. At the same time, it is considered and one respected it different existence of times and ways of being, living and to produce, opposing the one that it intends to be the domination of the urban one on the agricultural one and to accept varied models of organization of the education and the school. This thought has guided the fulfilment of the right of universal access to the education and the legality of the didactic processes local consisting, added to the defense of a project of social development, economically just and ecologically sustainable. In this project of development, the school of the field has a strategical paper. The necessity of change of the paradigm of the agricultural education for the one of the education of the field if of not only for the critical analysis of the agricultural school as well as of the desenvolvimentistas proposals for the field, in general centered in the agronegcio and the indiscriminate exploration of the natural resources.