The condition of the woman artist presents, as much in the Europe as in other areas of the world, different passages of formation. Until the end of century XIX we find, in fact, a constitution of a tradition that hindered the women the access the academies, making with that they only could frequentar particular courses. By means of the workmanship of Tarsila will be able to be studied the question artist-woman in the society: its biography finishes for disclosing an artist who if believes to have its so revolutionary life how much its workmanship. Tarsila was married, broken up, married again, at a time where this white age of many preconceptions. To study Tarsila is an invitation so that if thinks on the cultural identity of Brazil, beyond if making releituras and to interpret its main workmanships.