A great democracy must progress or soon will no longer be large or democracy Theodore Roosevelt (1858-1919) American politician following work focuses on the study and the operationalization of concepts of modern politics, recognizing their capacity to decide conflicts, although considering the difficulties that currently stained his actions, at a stage where its prestige is enhanced and the quality of democracy and their forms of representation are bound in an apparent crisis. First approach to the concepts of poverty and inequality to be able to address the linkage between the strength or weakness of a democracy, the distribution of income and the level of poverty, it is necessary to begin the conceptualizations difficult to deal in an objective and complete, by the existence of a variety of approaches to its treatment, basic of these last two terms, because of the subjective distances of those who undertake such a task. These words, closely linked, are They combine in the so-called line of poverty, or indicator through which is measured if a household income can meet a set of needs considered essential, among which the food kind and other non-food type are.Poverty represents a lower step, where income does not allows to cover minimum protein and energy needs. However, the purpose of this analysis lies not in the exploration of the conceptual or methodological criteria to reduce relativity, or subjectivity of both concepts. Therefore, this work, will help the preceding definitions reasonably framing the initial question. Yes it is an important fact that emerges in the preceding paragraphs, any of these conceptualizations no more than the first step from the famous pyramid of Abraham Maslow or the less famous array of Max-Neef. Refer to basic physiological needs and just some who manage to sneak into the second podium hierarchical, such as health and education. Far membership, recognition and self-realization is in societies where poverty is present.