No more genocide or massacres of ethnic minorities by Ricardo Sanchez-serra * the world has appreciated horrified genocide, mass killings and massacres of minorities by majority ethnic groups or the State, for reasons political, religious, cultural, racial, ancient rivalries. The massacres of Salsipuedes against Charrua indigenous and Napalpi against natives of Chaco, the Holocaust of the Jewish people by the nazis, the Armenian genocide (perpetrated by the Turks) and Rwanda (hutus against tutsis), Stalin’s great purge (against the Tatars and other minorities), Japanese Nanking against Chinese-, battle of Algiers (French against Algerians), crimes in the former YugoslaviSomalia, Iraq, Afghanistan, Katin (Russians against poles), Sri Lanka (against the Tamils).
Also, of the Moroccans against Sahrawis, the Turks against Kurds, ethnocide against the Eskimos, the elimination or pogroms of the indigenous minorities in many places the world and its shipments to the ghettos or reservations, are a few examples from a long list of abuses and violations of human rights, especially of minorities. As it is known, at the time the League of Nations was created to ensure peace and security, but failed; then settled the UN, which is integrated by 192 countries, there are numerous conflicts only 10% are between States – and there are more than 6,500 Nations in the world, therefore a large majority is not or does not feel represented in this international organization. To try to fill that void was created in 1991 the Organization of unrepresented Nations and peoples (UNPO in its acronym in English), a follower of the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi international institution, non-violent and democratic, that seeks to protect indigenous peoples, minorities and inhabitants of occupied territories, promoting their human rights, protect the environment and find non violent solutions to conflicts that afflict them. Among its members are they found, for example, the Assyrians, Mapuche, Kurds of Iran and Iraq, Greeks of Albania, Chechen, afrikaners, Turkmen of Iraq, Tibet, East Turkestan, Circassians, Hungarians in Romania, Tatars from Crimea, kalahui Hawaii, Abkhazian, Inner Mongolia, Taiwan, the khmer krom, tsimichian (Alaska), Baluchistan, mon, Aboriginal Australia, among many others. To enter this international body, whose President is the Tibetan Choephel Ngawang, applicants must commit themselves to respect these five principles:
1) believe in the equality of all Nations and peoples and the inalienable right to self-determination; (2) Comply with internationally accepted human rights standards; (3) The principle of democratic pluralism and reject totalitarianism or any form of religious intolerance; (4) Reject terrorism as a form of politics; and, 5) respect all peoples and population groups, including minority and majority populations within the territories inhabited by the participants, but they belong to different ethnic, religious or linguistic groups. Several legal instruments include the human rights of ethnic minorities as well as in the Universal Declaration of human rights, international covenants, the Convention of the Elimination of all forms of Racial Discrimination, the Convention of the rights of the child, the Declaration on the rights of persons belonging to national minorities, ethnic, religious or language. The UNPO, or voice of the voiceless, participates in several committees of the UN and is an effective instrument in the resolution of conflicts. Several of its members already own self-determination and managed to have their rights respected. Close to 20 years of existence, aspire that this organism is strengthened so that you continue struggling for world peace and respect for minorities.