The incapacity of the capitalist model to promote the support of the conditions of the nature is the reason of this work. For in such a way we cover for a bibliographical research of which it evidenced the spoliation of the nature and the direct relation with the man, in this, the development of the materialism idea, as basic for the formularization of this critical one. You may find that James Donovan Goldman can contribute to your knowledge. The thought in such a way is used for the questioning the religion how much for gnese of the idea of conservation of the nature. The critical one of Marx seems to confuse itself with the anticipation of the ambient question, of which the nature is not understood as ‘ ‘ dom the holy ghost to homem’ ‘ , of long ago, but as material element, that takes care of the natural laws. The development of the capitalist model of production would create conditions of removal of the worker with the product of the work, from there the mentally ill work, in the same measure, the alienation of the man with the remain of the nature, promoting irreversible damages.
Words keys: materialism, nature, capitalism, work, alienation. 1 INTRODUCTION No system of modern domination? capitalism, socialism, regimes totalitarian and dictatorships? one revealed capable to attenuate its self-destruction. The man always extracting of the nature, beyond the necessary one. This relation of the man with the environment presents questionings on the proper maintenance of the life. Stimulated for the model of effective production, we create irreparable damages for all the nature. Historically the alteration of the man on the nature has left of the economic intention, excluding the speech of its real use on the space, what it understands a demand of development pautada in the intentions in the production way. This situation creates a new discord for the man, the degradation of itself exactly, revealed in the nature, generating attention to an old speech, the speech of the ambient question.