Northern Caucasus

Black Sea Fleet and lineytsy important tasks of capturing and retaining a Russian North-West Caucasus. In the middle of the xix century. at the final stage of the Caucasian war of the problem the government has changed dramatically – it was necessary to master the region in economic and economically. To this end, taken a series of reforms, which are visible from most humbly report on the military ministry in 1868: ‘ the main point, which is guided by the War Department in its assumptions about the transformations in the Cossack forces is precisely to unite as possible, Cossack class to another, they jointly inhabit a population of under one general civil administration, only to be stored separately in a military unit Cossacks, in their own household troop and military administration ‘(7).

However, in practice it was found that the interests of the Cossacks as a military class is almost ignored, and decisions are made in favor of civil authorities and ‘development of citizenship’ among the Cossacks Turning to the arguments of officials of the Caucasus at the time, it is clear understanding of the inevitability and irreversibility of Cossacks which the military class. Michael Tarielovich Loris-Melikov wrote: ‘ and the Cossacks have already lost much of the old character of the watchdog circuit, with which from time immemorial were covered by the adjacent border regions of Russia with a hostile and predatory population of the east, and although there is no doubt that it serves and will serve as the best hope to keep calm in the Northern Caucasus (in the Terek region in particular), but, nevertheless, can not but admit that the active role of the Cossacks is unlikely to be needed here is will be influenced more by the presence of one his own, inspiring mountaineers moral belief in total inability to move the Russian population from a place ‘(8). Very valuable observation mt Loris-Melikov, indicating a change in the nature Service Cossacks with the Caucasian War.