The workmanship the Prince, written in 1513 (in 2013 it will complete 500 years) for the founder of science modern politics, Nicholas Maquiavel, who became celebrates when demonstrating a monarchic model in its apogee, still serving such writings as present Lorenzo II of Mdici, where espcide of manual tells in one the meandros of the practical politics. Much was argued and if Absolutism argues on this workmanship, marked for being contemporary to the call, still permeada for a relation between faith and science. Maquiavel demonstrates a model of State that distinguished religion and politics, with a form critical satire of well acid, empolgava the intellectual cycles, demonstrating a complexity makes that it to follow coming times, therefore exactly today, in century XXI, still empolga cycles of intellectuals and if it demonstrates condizente with the effective society very, mainly in the sphere politics. We can almost find in the complete a workmanship the Prince, in the writings on politics of Aristotle, where we can deduce that Maquiavel if has inhaled in Politics aristotelian to conceive its writings, what it does not overshadow the form with that used such knowledge, therefore its character strategist and of certain form ' ' cnico' ' , it also inspired the famous and reducionista axiom, ' ' the end justifies meios' ' , that it would be reference to the called slyness. The society of century XVI did not admit more certain normatizaes that were resqucios of a religiosidade medieva, favoring the development of a position that the extemporneas societies would call Humanismo, with arguta Machiavellian perception of that the politics was not guided for the Christian moral, existed a logic in the relations of being able that they could unchain three perspectives: ) first, the amoral politics as something, in view of its neutral character inside of a moralstica conception, being passive instrument of the action human being, ephemeral, as values or not-values of a time; b) as the aspect would be the use of the moral human being as regulating of one practical politics condizente with the one customs given society; c) finally third perspective, that denotes an immoral action human being, whom it searchs to take care of objectives that independem of a regularization of moralstica normatizao, creating an opposition in relation to the customs.